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【VOA】每日听读——奥巴马在联合国大会发表任职期间最后一次演讲

普特英语听力网 2018-06-12 13:25:00

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VOA NEWS

September 21, 2016


From Washington, this is VOA news. I'm Steve Karesh reporting.


On Tuesday, U.S. President Barack Obama delivered his final address to the U.N. General Assembly, reviewing the progress he made during his presidency.


But he said he does believe the progress is threatened by the rise of religious fundamentalism, aggressive nationalism and crude populism.

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fundamentalism['fʌndə'mɛntl'ɪzəm]

  • n. 原教旨主义;基要主义

aggressive nationalism侵略性民族主义

crude populism:粗暴的民粹主义


"Each of us as leaders, each nation can choose to reject those who appeal to our worst impulses and embrace those who appeal to our best. For we have shown that we can choose a better history."


That message was echoed by Nigerian President Muhammadu Buhari as he touted his country's fight against Boko Haram.

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tout[taʊt]

  • vt. 兜售;招徕;刺探赛马情报

  • vi. 兜售;招徕顾客;拉选票

  • n. 侦查者;兜售者

  • n. (Tout)人名;(英)陶特


"I take the opportunity to reaffirm Nigeria's commitment to human rights norms and international and humanitarian law in our efforts to counter terrorism and violent extremism."


Meanwhile, within earshot of the U.N. is the site where peaceful demonstrations are held during the General Assembly. At this week's U.N. session, Iranian-Americans marked the anniversary of the 1988 mass execution of 30,000 political prisoners.

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earshot['ɪrʃɑt]

  • n. 听力所及之范围


U.S. officials are charging Afghan-born bombing suspect Ahmad Khan Rahami with planting a series of bombs in New York and New Jersey over the past three days. This follows the FBI's admission earlier on Tuesday that it looked into Rahami's activities two years ago when they carried out an assessment of him. This based on a tip from his father who told agents at the time that he was concerned about his son's possible involvement with extremists. They found insufficient evidence to launch an investigation.


This is VOA news.


"Not dead yet." That's the assertion of several key diplomats about the cease-fire in Syria following the attack on an aid convoy on Monday.


The 20 members of the International Syria Support Group met for about an hour on Tuesday in New York and decided to convene again on Friday.

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convene[kən'vin]

  • vt. 召集,集合;传唤

  • vi. 聚集,集合


It is widely believed an airstrike was carried out either by Syrian or Russian aircraft on an aid caravan that was heading to the Syrian city of Aleppo. The attack killed 20 civilians and the head of a local office of the Syrian Red Crescent.

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caravan['kærəvæn]

  • n. (可供居住的)拖车,大篷车;(穿过沙漠地带的)旅行队(如商队);<英>活动住宅;<美>移民列车

  • vi. 乘拖车度假;参加旅行队旅行


The White House on Tuesday evening pinned the blame squarely on Moscow for imperiling the cease-fire and for the attack on the aid convoy which national security adviser Ben Rhodes called an "enormous humanitarian tragedy."

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imperil[ɪm'pɛrəl]

  • vt. 危及;使陷于危险


John Kirby, the U.S. State Department spokesman, said they "agreed, despite continued violence, there was still an imperative to pursue a nationwide cessation of hostilities."

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imperative[ɪm'pɛrətɪv]

  • adj. 必要的,不可避免的;紧急的;命令的,专横的;势在必行的;[语]祈使的

  • n. 必要的事;命令;需要;规则;[语]祈使语气


The mood is tense in the Democratic Republic of Congo, following a day and night of deadly violence involving security forces and anti-government protesters. A human rights group reports that a total of more than 40 people have been killed, most of them civilians. William Clowes reports from Kinshasa.


There were sporadic clashes between police and groups of young men early Tuesday in some parts of the capital. Unusually for Kinshasa, trucks full of soldiers from the Republican Guard were out on the streets

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sporadic[spə'rædɪk]

  • adj. 零星的;分散的;不定时发生的


Heavier violence took place overnight as armed men set fire to at least five headquarters of opposition parties.


Felix Tshisekedi, a leading figure in the largest opposition party, the UDPS, spoke to reporters Tuesday.


Tshisekedi went on to say that the DRC is a dictatorship and he says this government deserves the popular revolt that is coming to topple it.

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dictatorship[dɪk'tetɚ'ʃɪp]

  • n. 专政;独裁权;独裁者职位


He later told VOA by phone that the death toll from the overnight attack has risen to seven and others are still missing.


William Clowes, for VOA news, Kinshasa.


In American politics, the first face-to-face debate between Republican candidate Donald Trump and his Democratic rival, Hillary Clinton, is set for next Monday.


On Tuesday, the moderator of that debate has revealed the topics to be discussed.

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moderator['mɑdəretɚ]

  • n. [核] 慢化剂;仲裁人;调解人;缓和剂


VOA's Esha Sarai has more.


The debate will consist of two 15-minute segments for each of the three following topics: America's direction, achieving prosperity and securing America.


Third-party candidates Jill Stein and Gary Johnson were not invited to the debate as they did not reach the required threshold of support by averaging at least 15 percent in five public opinion polls selected by the Commission on Presidential Debates last month.


Esha Sarai, VOA news.


For more on this and other top stories, visit us online at voanews.com. Reporting from Washington, I'm Steve Karesh.


That's the latest world news from VOA.


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